Measles, or rubeola, is a very contagious disease caused by a virus. Measles starts with a fever. Soon after, it causes a cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Then a rash of tiny, red spots breaks out. It starts at the head and spreads to the rest of the body. Measles can be serious for young children. It can lead to pneumonia, encephalitis (swelling of the brain), and death. Measles spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It is so contagious that if one person has it, 90% of the people around him or her will also become infected if they are not protected.
Adequate measles vaccination for school attendance as per state guidelines is as follows:
- One or more doses of a measles-containing vaccine administered on or after the first birthday for preschool-age children.
- Two doses of measles-containing vaccine for school-age children (K-12).
- There must be written documentation of adequate vaccination on file in your child’s school health office.
For further information related to your child’s immunity, please contact your child’s physician.
For further information related to measles, visit www.cdc.gov and/or NJDOH Measles Exposure Guidance (January 2015).
For further information related to the state’s exclusion criteria, religious exemption, or medical exemption, refer to Chapter 14 New Jersey Stated Sanitary Code Immunization of Pupils in Schools (July 19, 2004).
(Source: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/measles/; NJDOH: https://www.nj.gov/health/cd/measles/documents/measles_exposures_guidance_01_2015.pdf)